What does is_page_template() compare against?

The question:

Looking through the WordPress documentation, it says that is_page_template() compares against a “template name”, if one is provided.

I have a template stored in page-homepage.php called Homepage:

 * Template Name: Homepage
 * Description: The template for displaying the homepage

And I have some code I wish to run in my functions.php when I’m using that template:

if (is_page_template('Homepage')) { 

But it isn’t being triggered when I’m on a page which uses that template.

When I look at the code that WordPress executes for is_page_template(), it looks like it actually checks for the document name, not the template name…?

function is_page_template( $template = '' ) {

    $page_template = get_page_template_slug( get_queried_object_id() );

    if ( $template == $page_template )
        return true;

In my instance it seems that $page_template is page-homepage.php — not the template name, like the documentation suggests…?

Am I doing something wrong?

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

Your condition should be written like this:

if (is_page_template('path/file.php')) { 
    // Do stuff

I believe the confusion is a result of two things:

  1. The docs refer to “name” ambiguously. Specifying “file name” would make the documentation much more clear.
  2. The code behind is_page_template() shows the get_page_template_slug() function at its core. This function actually returns a file name, not the template slug. https://codex.wordpress.org/Function_Reference/get_page_template_slug

When specifying an argument for the is_page_template() function (as in the example above), the file path is relative to the theme root.

This function will not work inside the loop.

EDIT: an important issue to note here as well. The is_page_template() function will return empty/false if the page is using the default template from the hierarchy. If a custom template is not assigned, you must use another method, such as basename(get_page_template()). See Jacob’s answer here for more details: https://wordpress.stackexchange.com/a/328427/45202

Method 2

I think the best thing to say is, it checks on the FILE name and in your case it would be page-homepage.php. so:

if (is_page_template('page-homepage.php')) { 

Other things to think of is if the template file is actually stored within another folder inside the theme. read more

One more thing, the Template Name: Homepage is genrally whats used to identify the template when creating a page or post.

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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