Set custom name for generated thumbnails

The question:

Is there any filter available to set the naming convention of those auto generated thumbnails?

Something like this:

  • thumbnail_150x150.jpg -> thumbnail-s.jpg
  • thumbnail_300x300.jpg -> thumbnail-m.jpg
  • thumbnail_600x600.jpg -> thumbnail-l.jpg

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

Seems that the answer is no

I’ve followed the core functions and found a dead-end. And found this post ( How can I make add_image_size() crop from the top? ) where Rarst says:

Intermediate image generation is extremely rigid. Image_resize() keeps it close to code and completely lacks hooks.

But, following the lead of the other answer (from bradt) and the code he published ( Image Crop Position in WordPress ), I think I got it 🙂

In the function bt_generate_attachment_metadata, I’ve just modified the call to bt_image_make_intermediate_size including the last parameter $size

$resized = bt_image_make_intermediate_size( $file, $size_data['width'], $size_data['height'], $size_data['crop'], $size );

And modified the beggining of the function bt_image_make_intermediate_size as follows:

  • added the $size parameter to the function
  • instead of the default null value to $suffix, a switch to our new suffixes
function bt_image_make_intermediate_size( $file, $width, $height, $crop = false, $size ) {
    if ( $width || $height ) {
        switch($size) {
            case 'thumbnail':
                $suffix = 't';
            case 'medium':
                $suffix = 'm';
            case 'large':
                $suffix = 'l';
                $suffix = null;
        $resized_file = bt_image_resize( $file, $width, $height, $crop, $suffix, null, 90 );

 Here , a copy of the full code with my mods, just for reference.
And the diff from the original.

I reviewed the code to fix the following warnings, (h/t @meek2100): two WP functions were deprecated and there’s a PHP 8 notice about named parameters.
Gist with the changes annotated on code.

Method 2

You could use the filter image_make_intermediate_size, but you would have to figure out what name you want to change the intermediate file to, according to the $filename you get (and then rename the file, because at this point it already has been generated).

I only generate an intermediate size image for the “thumbnail”, so it is as simple as this:

add_filter( 'image_make_intermediate_size', function( $filename ) {

    // old 2017_234783843-100x100.jpg
    $old = $filename;
    // new 2017_234783843-thumbnail.jpg
    $new = preg_replace("/(d+_d+)-d+xd+.(.*)/i", "$1-thumbnail.$2", $old );

    rename($old, $new);

    return $new;
} );

All methods was sourced from or, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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