Run again current query via ajax but changing a var

The question:

I have custom query which is $query. The input is based on form input. The query has already run on a page, but after that I’d like to run it again without a page reload, so with AJAX (when the users selects a tab (Bootstrap)).

The thing is that I need to change the query var posts_per_page to -1.

The code to do something when the tab is selected is:

$('#myTab').on('shown', function () {
   // Do stuff here
})

Now within that function I can do

jQuery.ajax(
    {  
        type: 'POST',  
        url: ajaxurl, // example.com/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php is defined in my js file
        data: 
        {  
            action: 'the_function_here',
            ajaxnonce: YTajax.ajaxnonce, // Also defined
        },
        success: function(data, textStatus, XMLHttpRequest)
        {  
            jQuery('#bodyForOutput').html(data);  
        },  
        error: function(MLHttpRequest, textStatus, errorThrown)
        {  
            alert(errorThrown);
        }
    });

But I don’t really know how to make use of $query which is already defined. I only need to alter the posts_per_page. Can I do this with set_query_var? Or is that only usable for the main loop?

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

You have to note that an ajax request is an entirely new http request, so the $query variable is defined in the page that send the ajax request but will be not set in the page that receive the request.

That means that you have completely recreate the query and not change a param.

That said, you have 2 possibilities:

1: Query is a custom one

If the query is a custom one (you create it using WP_Query) you can write a function that return that query and call it from the page and from the function hooking in the ajax action:

// in functions.php or in plugin
function my_custom_query( $posts_per_page = 10 ) {
  $args = array(
    'posts_per_page' => $posts_per_page,
    // other args here
  ); 
  return new WP_Query( $args );
}

// then inside the page
$query = my_custom_query();
while ( $query->have_posts() ) { $query->the_post();
  // your loop code here
}

// and handling ajax action
add_action('wp_ajax_the_function_here', 'my_ajax_loop');
add_action('wp_ajax_nopriv_the_function_here', 'my_ajax_loop');
function my_ajax_loop() {
   $query = my_custom_query( -1 );
   while ( $query->have_posts() ) { $query->the_post();
     // your loop code here
   }
   die();
}

2: Query is the main query

If you want to replicate the main query changing one or more param, cosider to pass the query vars to the script via wp_localize_script and the pass them via ajax to the function that handle the ajax action, something like:

add_action('wp_enqueue_script', 'add_my_scripts');

function add_my_scripts() {
  // here I'm assuming the javascript file where you have the code you posted
  // is called 'myscript.js' and resides in 'js' subfolder inside theme folder
  wp_enqueue_script('my_script', get_template_directory_uri() . '/js/myscript.js');
  global $wp_query;
  $qv = $wp_query->query;
  wp_localize_script('my_script', 'my_script_data', array('query' => $qv) );
}

After that, in the js file you can:

jQuery.ajax({  
  type: 'POST',  
  url: ajaxurl, // example.com/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php is defined in my js file
  data:  {  
    action: 'the_function_here',
    ajaxnonce: YTajax.ajaxnonce, // Also defined
    query: my_script_data.query // Defined by 'wp_localize_script'
  },
  success: function(data, textStatus, XMLHttpRequest) {  
    jQuery('#bodyForOutput').html(data);  
  },  
  error: function(MLHttpRequest, textStatus, errorThrown) {
    alert(errorThrown);
  }
});

Now you can hande the ajax request in like so:

// and handling ajax action
add_action('wp_ajax_the_function_here', 'my_ajax_loop');
add_action('wp_ajax_nopriv_the_function_here', 'my_ajax_loop');
function my_ajax_loop() {
   $args = (array) filter_var(INPUT_POST, 'query');
   $args['posts_per_page'] = -1;
   $query = new WP_Query($args);
   while ( $query->have_posts() ) { $query->the_post();
     // your loop code here
   }
   die();
}


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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