How to set a reminder in Android?

The question:

I am trying to build a calendar app for Android. I am struck in the middle. I have managed to retrieve the information such as time and task from the user.

I don’t know how to add this into android events. Is there anything like setEvent or something similar?

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

Nope, it is more complicated than just calling a method, if you want to transparently add it into the user’s calendar.

You’ve got a couple of choices;

  1. Calling the intent to add an event on the calendar

    This will pop up the Calendar application and let the user add the event. You can pass some parameters to prepopulate fields:

    Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();              
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_EDIT);
    intent.putExtra("beginTime", cal.getTimeInMillis());
    intent.putExtra("allDay", false);
    intent.putExtra("rrule", "FREQ=DAILY");
    intent.putExtra("endTime", cal.getTimeInMillis()+60*60*1000);
    intent.putExtra("title", "A Test Event from android app");

    Or the more complicated one:

  2. Get a reference to the calendar with this method

    (It is highly recommended not to use this method, because it could break on newer Android versions):

    private String getCalendarUriBase(Activity act) {
        String calendarUriBase = null;
        Uri calendars = Uri.parse("content://calendar/calendars");
        Cursor managedCursor = null;
        try {
            managedCursor = act.managedQuery(calendars, null, null, null, null);
        } catch (Exception e) {
        if (managedCursor != null) {
            calendarUriBase = "content://calendar/";
        } else {
            calendars = Uri.parse("content://");
            try {
                managedCursor = act.managedQuery(calendars, null, null, null, null);
            } catch (Exception e) {
            if (managedCursor != null) {
                calendarUriBase = "content://";
        return calendarUriBase;

    and add an event and a reminder this way:

    // get calendar
    Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();     
    Uri EVENTS_URI = Uri.parse(getCalendarUriBase(this) + "events");
    ContentResolver cr = getContentResolver();
    // event insert
    ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
    values.put("calendar_id", 1);
    values.put("title", "Reminder Title");
    values.put("allDay", 0);
    values.put("dtstart", cal.getTimeInMillis() + 11*60*1000); // event starts at 11 minutes from now
    values.put("dtend", cal.getTimeInMillis()+60*60*1000); // ends 60 minutes from now
    values.put("description", "Reminder description");
    values.put("visibility", 0);
    values.put("hasAlarm", 1);
    Uri event = cr.insert(EVENTS_URI, values);
    // reminder insert
    Uri REMINDERS_URI = Uri.parse(getCalendarUriBase(this) + "reminders");
    values = new ContentValues();
    values.put( "event_id", Long.parseLong(event.getLastPathSegment()));
    values.put( "method", 1 );
    values.put( "minutes", 10 );
    cr.insert( REMINDERS_URI, values );

    You’ll also need to add these permissions to your manifest for this method:

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_CALENDAR" />
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_CALENDAR" />

Update: ICS Issues

The above examples use the undocumented Calendar APIs, new public Calendar APIs have been released for ICS, so for this reason, to target new android versions you should use CalendarContract.

More infos about this can be found at this blog post.

Method 2

You can use AlarmManager in coop with notification mechanism
Something like this:

Intent intent = new Intent(ctx, ReminderBroadcastReceiver.class);
PendingIntent pendingIntent = PendingIntent.getBroadcast(ctx, 0, intent, PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);
AlarmManager am = (AlarmManager) ctx.getSystemService(Activity.ALARM_SERVICE);
// time of of next reminder. Unix time.
long timeMs =...
if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 19) {
    am.set(AlarmManager.RTC_WAKEUP, timeMs, pendingIntent);
} else {
    am.setExact(AlarmManager.RTC_WAKEUP, timeMs, pendingIntent);

It starts alarm.

public class ReminderBroadcastReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver {
    public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
        NotificationCompat.Builder builder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(context)
        Intent intentToFire = new Intent(context, Activity.class);
        PendingIntent pendingIntent = PendingIntent.getActivity(context, 0, intentToFire, PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);
        NotificationManagerCompat.from(this);.notify((int) System.currentTimeMillis(),;

Method 3

Android complete source code for adding events and reminders with start and end time format.

/** Adds Events and Reminders in Calendar. */
private void addReminderInCalendar() {
    Calendar cal = Calendar.getInstance();
    Uri EVENTS_URI = Uri.parse(getCalendarUriBase(true) + "events");
    ContentResolver cr = getContentResolver();
    TimeZone timeZone = TimeZone.getDefault();

    /** Inserting an event in calendar. */
    ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
    values.put(CalendarContract.Events.CALENDAR_ID, 1);
    values.put(CalendarContract.Events.TITLE, "Sanjeev Reminder 01");
    values.put(CalendarContract.Events.DESCRIPTION, "A test Reminder.");
    values.put(CalendarContract.Events.ALL_DAY, 0);
    // event starts at 11 minutes from now
    values.put(CalendarContract.Events.DTSTART, cal.getTimeInMillis() + 11 * 60 * 1000);
    // ends 60 minutes from now
    values.put(CalendarContract.Events.DTEND, cal.getTimeInMillis() + 60 * 60 * 1000);
    values.put(CalendarContract.Events.EVENT_TIMEZONE, timeZone.getID());
    values.put(CalendarContract.Events.HAS_ALARM, 1);
    Uri event = cr.insert(EVENTS_URI, values);

    // Display event id
    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Event added :: ID :: " + event.getLastPathSegment(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

    /** Adding reminder for event added. */
    Uri REMINDERS_URI = Uri.parse(getCalendarUriBase(true) + "reminders");
    values = new ContentValues();
    values.put(CalendarContract.Reminders.EVENT_ID, Long.parseLong(event.getLastPathSegment()));
    values.put(CalendarContract.Reminders.METHOD, Reminders.METHOD_ALERT);
    values.put(CalendarContract.Reminders.MINUTES, 10);
    cr.insert(REMINDERS_URI, values);

/** Returns Calendar Base URI, supports both new and old OS. */
private String getCalendarUriBase(boolean eventUri) {
    Uri calendarURI = null;
    try {
        if (android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT <= 7) {
            calendarURI = (eventUri) ? Uri.parse("content://calendar/") : Uri.parse("content://calendar/calendars");
        } else {
            calendarURI = (eventUri) ? Uri.parse("content://") : Uri
    } catch (Exception e) {
    return calendarURI.toString();

Add permission to your Manifest file.

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_CALENDAR" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_CALENDAR" />

All methods was sourced from or, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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