how to listen for changes in Contact Database

The question:

I am trying to listen for any change in the contact database.

So I create my contentObserver which is a child class of ContentObserver:

 private class MyContentObserver extends ContentObserver {

        public MyContentObserver() {
            super(null);
        }

        @Override
        public void onChange(boolean selfChange) {
            super.onChange(selfChange);
            System.out.println (" Calling onChange" );
        }

    }

MyContentObserver contentObserver = new MyContentObserver();
context.getContentResolver().registerContentObserver (People.CONTENT_URI, true, contentObserver);

But When I use ‘EditContactActivity‘ to change the contact database, My onChange() does not get called.

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

I have deployed your example as it is and it works fine.

package com.test.contentobserver;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.database.ContentObserver;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.provider.Contacts.People;

public class TestContentObserver extends Activity {

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        MyContentObserver contentObserver = new MyContentObserver();
        getApplicationContext().getContentResolver().registerContentObserver(
            ContactsContract.Contacts.CONTENT_URI, 
            true, 
            contentObserver);
    }

    private class MyContentObserver extends ContentObserver {
        public MyContentObserver() {
            super(null);
        }

        @Override
        public void onChange(boolean selfChange) {
            super.onChange(selfChange);
            Log.d(this.class.getSimpleName(), "A change has happened");
        }
    }
}

Something else must be wrong…

Are you making the changes through the cursor the observer is registered with?

Check that with the Observer function deliverSelfNotifications(). (it returns false by default)

You may want to override that observer function with something like:

@Override
public boolean deliverSelfNotifications() {
    return true;
}

Method 2

EDIT: MannyNS’s answer has now been updated with the new URI (ContactsContract.Contacts.CONTENT_URI)

A simple TIP about MannyNS ‘s answer.

Here, People.CONTENT_URI is deprecated.

Code as follows instead.–>ContactsContract.Contacts.CONTENT_URI

    getApplicationContext().getContentResolver().registerContentObserver(ContactsContract.Contacts.CONTENT_URI, true, contentobserver);


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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