How to encode a WAV to a mp3 on a Android device

The question:

I have simplified my question and offered a bounty:
What options are there for compressing raw PCM audio data to a mp3 on a Android device.

My original post:
I’m creating a synthesiser on my Android phone, and I’ve been generating PCM data to send to the speakers. Now I’m wondering if I can encode this PCM data as a mp3 to save to the sdcard. The MediaRecorder object can encode audio coming from the microphone into various formats, but doesn’t allow the encoding from programmatically generated audio data.

So my question is, is there a standard Android API for encoding audio? If not, what pure Java or NDK based solutions are there? And can you recommend any of them?

Failing this I’ll just have to save my generated audio as a WAV file, which I can easily do.

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

Pure Java

Look into Tritonus’s clean room implementation of javasound which offers an MP3 encoder plugin here:

Secondly, I would suggest looking into jzoom’s libraries JLayer or JLayerME: (this may only be decode, not sure)

If those doesn’t suit your need you can look at this article from 2000 about adding MP3 capabilities to J2SE (with source):

Native route

If you want “native” performance I would look at an FFmpeg or Lame port for Android.

Method 2

As far as i know you can’t do this using only the tools in the SDK. According to the official developer guide there isn’t an MP3 encoder in the platform (Android Supported Media Formats), so you have to port an encoder on your own using the NDK, then write some wrapper code to receive the audio samples through JNI.

I’m currently working on porting some audio decoders from the Rockbox project for my own music player, and it can record audio into MP3, so maybe you should try to look into it’s source and find the encoder library. Most of the decoders have ARM optimalizations which speeds up things noticable, so i guess some of the encoders have also this addition.

Method 3

Mp3 encoder is not available in have to compile libav with mp3 lame lib you can find code from

All methods was sourced from or, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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