How to create a notification with NotificationCompat.Builder?

The question:

I need to create a simple notification which will be shown in notification bar along with the sound and icon if possible? I also need it to be compatitible with Android 2.2, so i found that NotificationCompat.Builder works with all APIs above 4. If there’s a better solution, feel free to mention it.

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

The NotificationCompat.Builder is the most easy way to create Notifications on all Android versions. You can even use features that are available with Android 4.1. If your app runs on devices with Android >=4.1 the new features will be used, if run on Android <4.1 the notification will be an simple old notification.

To create a simple Notification just do (see Android API Guide on Notifications):

NotificationCompat.Builder mBuilder =
    new NotificationCompat.Builder(this)
    .setContentTitle("My notification")
    .setContentText("Hello World!")
    .setContentIntent(pendingIntent); //Required on Gingerbread and below

You have to set at least smallIcon, contentTitle and contentText. If you miss one the Notification will not show.

Beware: On Gingerbread and below you have to set the content intent, otherwise a IllegalArgumentException will be thrown.

To create an intent that does nothing, use:

final Intent emptyIntent = new Intent();
PendingIntent pendingIntent = PendingIntent.getActivity(ctx, NOT_USED, emptyIntent, PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);

You can add sound through the builder, i.e. a sound from the RingtoneManager:


The Notification is added to the bar through the NotificationManager:

NotificationManager notificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);

Method 2

Working example:

    Intent intent = new Intent(ctx, HomeActivity.class);
    PendingIntent contentIntent = PendingIntent.getActivity(ctx, 0, intent, PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);

    NotificationCompat.Builder b = new NotificationCompat.Builder(ctx);

     .setContentTitle("Default notification")
     .setContentText("Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.")
     .setDefaults(Notification.DEFAULT_LIGHTS| Notification.DEFAULT_SOUND)

    NotificationManager notificationManager = (NotificationManager) ctx.getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);

Method 3

Show Notificaton in android 8.0

@RequiresApi(api = Build.VERSION_CODES.JELLY_BEAN)

  public void show_Notification(){

    Intent intent=new Intent(getApplicationContext(),MainActivity.class);
    NotificationChannel notificationChannel=new NotificationChannel(CHANNEL_ID,"name",NotificationManager.IMPORTANCE_LOW);
    PendingIntent pendingIntent=PendingIntent.getActivity(getApplicationContext(),1,intent,0);
    Notification notification=new Notification.Builder(getApplicationContext(),CHANNEL_ID)

    NotificationManager notificationManager=(NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);


Method 4

I make this method and work fine. (tested in android 6.0.1)

public void notifyThis(String title, String message) {
    NotificationCompat.Builder b = new NotificationCompat.Builder(this.context);
            .setTicker("{your tiny message}")

    NotificationManager nm = (NotificationManager) this.context.getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);

Method 5

Notification in depth


Intent intent = new Intent(this, SecondActivity.class);
PendingIntent pendingIntent = PendingIntent.getActivity(this,0,intent,0);

NotificationCompat.Builder mBuilder =
                new NotificationCompat.Builder(context)
                        .setContentTitle("Notification Title")
                        .setContentText("Notification ")
                        .setContentIntent(pendingIntent );

NotificationManager notificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);

Depth knowledge

Notification can be build using Notification. Builder or NotificationCompat.Builder classes.
But if you want backward compatibility you should use NotificationCompat.Builder class as it is part of v4 Support library as it takes care of heavy lifting for providing consistent look and functionalities of Notification for API 4 and above.

Core Notification Properties

A notification has 4 core properties (3 Basic display properties + 1 click action property)

  • Small icon
  • Title
  • Text
  • Button click event (Click event when you tap the notification )

Button click event is made optional on Android 3.0 and above. It means that you can build your notification using only display properties if your minSdk targets Android 3.0 or above. But if you want your notification to run on older devices than Android 3.0 then you must provide Click event otherwise you will see IllegalArgumentException.

Notification Display

Notification are displayed by calling notify() method of NotificationManger class

notify() parameters

There are two variants available for notify method

notify(String tag, int id, Notification notification)


notify(int id, Notification notification)

notify method takes an integer id to uniquely identify your notification. However, you can also provide an optional String tag for further identification of your notification in case of conflict.

This type of conflict is rare but say, you have created some library
and other developers are using your library. Now they create their own
notification and somehow your notification and other dev’s
notification id is same then you will face conflict.

Notification after API 11 (More control)

API 11 provides additional control on Notification behavior

  • Notification Dismissal
    By default, if a user taps on notification then it performs the assigned click event but it does not clear away the notification. If you want your notification to get cleared when then you should add this


  • Prevent user from dismissing notification
    A user may also dismiss the notification by swiping it. You can disable this default behavior by adding this while building your notification


  • Positioning of notification
    You can set the relative priority to your notification by

    mBuilder.setOngoing(int pri);

If your app runs on lower API than 11 then your notification will work without above mentioned additional features. This is the advantage to choosing NotificationCompat.Builder over Notification.Builder

Notification after API 16 (More informative)

With the introduction of API 16, notifications were given so many new features
Notification can be so much more informative.
You can add a bigPicture to your logo. Say you get a message from a person now with the mBuilder.setLargeIcon(Bitmap bitmap) you can show that person’s photo. So in the statusbar you will see the icon when you scroll you will see the person photo in place of the icon.
There are other features too

  • Add a counter in the notification
  • Ticker message when you see the notification for the first time
  • Expandable notification
  • Multiline notification and so on

Method 6

You can try this code this works fine for me:

    NotificationCompat.Builder mBuilder= new NotificationCompat.Builder(this);

    Intent i = new Intent(noti.this, Xyz_activtiy.class);
    PendingIntent pendingIntent= PendingIntent.getActivity(this,0,i,0);

    mBuilder.setContentTitle("New notification title");
    mBuilder.setContentText("Notification text");

    NotificationManager notificationManager= (NotificationManager)getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);

Method 7

simple way for make notifications

 NotificationCompat.Builder builder = (NotificationCompat.Builder) new NotificationCompat.Builder(this)
            .setSmallIcon(R.mipmap.ic_launcher) //icon
            .setContentTitle("Test") //tittle
            .setAutoCancel(true)//swipe for delete
            .setContentText("Hello Hello"); //content
    NotificationManager notificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);


Method 8

Use this code

            Intent intent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), SomeActvity.class);
            PendingIntent pIntent = PendingIntent.getActivity(getApplicationContext(),
                    (int) System.currentTimeMillis(), intent, 0);

            NotificationCompat.Builder mBuilder =
                    new NotificationCompat.Builder(getApplicationContext())
                            .setContentTitle("Notification title")
                            .setContentText("Notification message!")

            NotificationManager notificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);

All methods was sourced from or, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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