How to access global js variable in AngularJS directive

The question:

First of all, I checked and I didn’t find any article covering my question.

How to access a pre-defined js global variable in angularJS built-in directive?

For example, I define this variable in <script>var variable1 = true; </script>

Then I write a AngularJS directive:

<div ng-if="variable1">Show some hidden stuff!</div>

This does not really work.

Then I’m informed that I should use ng-init

So I wrote code somewhere else like:

<div ng-init = "angularVariable1 = variable1"></div>

And this apparently does not work as well…this is like a vicious cycle. You need to access pre-defined js global variables, then you need to use ng-init; in order to use ng-init, you need to access global variables.

Any particular way to do this?

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

I created a working CodePen example demonstrating how to do this the correct way in AngularJS. The Angular $window service should be used to access any global objects since directly accessing window makes testing more difficult.

HTML:

<section ng-app="myapp" ng-controller="MainCtrl">
  Value of global variable read by AngularJS: {{variable1}}
</section>

JavaScript:

// global variable outside angular
var variable1 = true;

var app = angular.module('myapp', []);

app.controller('MainCtrl', ['$scope', '$window', function($scope, $window) {
  $scope.variable1 = $window.variable1;
}]);

Method 2

Copy the global variable to a variable in the scope in your controller.

function MyCtrl($scope) {
   $scope.variable1 = variable1;
}

Then you can just access it like you tried. But note that this variable will not change when you change the global variable. If you need that, you could instead use a global object and “copy” that. As it will be “copied” by reference, it will be the same object and thus changes will be applied (but remember that doing stuff outside of AngularJS will require you to do $scope.$apply anway).

But maybe it would be worthwhile if you would describe what you actually try to achieve. Because using a global variable like this is almost never a good idea and there is probably a better way to get to your intended result.

Method 3

I have tried these methods and find that they dont work for my needs. In my case, I needed to inject json rendered server side into the main template of the page, so when it loads and angular inits, the data is already there and doesnt have to be retrieved (large dataset).

The easiest solution that I have found is to do the following:

In your angular code outside of the app, module and controller definitions add in a global javascript value – this definition MUST come before the angular stuff is defined.

Example:

'use strict';

//my data variable that I need access to.
var data = null;

angular.module('sample', [])

Then in your controller:

.controller('SampleApp', function ($scope, $location) {

$scope.availableList = [];

$scope.init = function () {
    $scope.availableList = data;
}

Finally, you have to init everything (order matters):

  <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.3.15/angular.min.js"></script>
  <script src="/path/to/your/angular/js/sample.js"></script>
  <script type="text/javascript">
      data = <?= json_encode($cproducts); ?>
  </script>

Finally initialize your controller and init function.

  <div ng-app="samplerrelations" ng-controller="SamplerApp" ng-init="init();">

By doing this you will now have access to whatever data you stuffed into the global variable.


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

Leave a Comment