How do I fix the npm UNMET PEER DEPENDENCY warning?

The question:

I’m on Windows 10, with Node 5.6.0 and npm 3.6.0. I’m trying to install angular-material and mdi into my working folder. npm install angular-material mdi errors with:

+-- [email protected]

+-- UNMET PEER DEPENDENCY [email protected]^1.5.0

+-- UNMET PEER DEPENDENCY [email protected]^1.5.0

+-- [email protected]

+-- UNMET PEER DEPENDENCY [email protected]^1.5.0 `-- [email protected]

npm WARN enoent ENOENT: no such file or directory, open
'C:UsersxxxxxDesktopngClassifiedspackage.json' 

npm WARN [email protected] requires a peer of
[email protected]^1.5.0 but none was installed. 

npm WARN [email protected] requires a peer of [email protected]^1.5.0
but none was installed. 

npm WARN [email protected] requires a peer of
[email protected]^1.5.0 but none was installed.

How do I resolve this to get AngularJS Material and MDI installed?

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

npm no longer installs peer dependencies so you need to install them manually, just do an npm install on the needed deps, and then try to install the main one again.


Reply to comment:

it’s right in that message, it says which deps you’re missing

UNMET PEER DEPENDENCY [email protected]^1.5.0 +-- 
UNMET PEER DEPENDENCY [email protected]^1.5.0 +-- [email protected] +
UNMET PEER DEPENDENCY [email protected]^1.5.0 `-- [email protected]` 

So you need to npm install angular angular-animate angular-aria angular-material angular-messages mdi

Method 2

UNMET PEER DEPENDENCY error is thrown when the dependencies of one or more modules specified in the package.json file is not met.
Check the warnings carefully and update the package.json file with correct versions of dependencies.

Then run

rm -rf node_modules/
npm cache clean
npm install

This will install all the required dependencies correctly.

Method 3

In my case all the dependencies were already there. Please update NPM in that case as it might have been crashed. It solved my problem.

npm install -g npm

Method 4

EDIT 2020

From npm v7.0.0, npm automatically installs peer dependencies. It is one of the reasons to upgrade to v7.

https://github.blog/2020-10-13-presenting-v7-0-0-of-the-npm-cli/

Also this page explains the rationale of peer dependencies very well.
https://github.com/npm/rfcs/blob/latest/implemented/0025-install-peer-deps.md


This answer doesn’t apply all cases, but if you can’t solve the error by simply typing npm install
, this steps might help.

Let`s say you got this error.

UNMET PEER DEPENDENCY [email protected]

npm WARN [email protected] requires a peer of [email protected]^3.1.0 but none was installed.

This means you installed version 4.2.0 of packageA, but [email protected] needs version 3.x.x of pakageA. (explanation of ^)

So you can resolve this error by downgrading packageA to 3.x.x, but usually you don`t want to downgrade the package.
Good news is that in some cases, packageB is just not keeping up with packageA and maintainer of packageB is trying hard to raise the peer dependency of packageA to 4.x.x.
In that case, you can check if there is a higher version of packageB that requires version 4.2.0 of packageA in the npm or github.

For example, Go to release pageHow do I fix the npm UNMET PEER DEPENDENCY warning?

Oftentimes you can find breaking change about dependency like this.

packageB v4.0.0-beta.0

BREAKING CHANGE
package: requires packageA >= v4.0.0

If you don’t find anything on release page, go to issue page and search issue by keyword like peer. You may find useful information.

How do I fix the npm UNMET PEER DEPENDENCY warning?

At this point, you have two options.

  1. Upgrade to the version you want
  2. Leave error for the time being, wait until stable version is released.

If you choose option1:
In many cases, the version does not have latest tag thus not stable. So you have to check what has changed in this update and make sure anything won`t break.

If you choose option2:
If upgrade of pakageA from version 3 to 4 is trivial, or if maintainer of pakageB didn’t test version 4 of pakageA yet but says it should be no problem, you may consider leaving the error.

In both case, it is best to thoroughly test if it does not break anything.

Lastly, if you wanna know why you have to manually do such a thing, this link explains well.

Method 5

npm-install-peers worked for me.

npm install -g npm-install-peers

Method 6

One of the most possible causes of this error could be that you have defined older version in your package.json. To solve this problem, change the versions in the package.json to match those npm is complaining about.

Once done, run npm install and voila!!.

Method 7

The given answer wont always work. If it does not fix your issue. Make sure that you are also using the correct symbol in your package.json. This is very important to fix that headache. For example:

warning " > @angular/[email protected]" has incorrect peer dependency "[email protected]>=2.4.2 <2.7".
warning " > [email protected]" has incorrect peer dependency "[email protected]>=2.4.2 <2.6".

So my typescript needs to be between 2.4.2 and 2.6 right?

So I changed my typescript library from using "typescript": "^2.7" to using "typescript": "^2.5". Seems correct?

Wrong.

The ^ means that you are okay with npm using "typescript": "2.5" or "2.6" or "2.7" etc…

If you want to learn what the ^ and ~ it mean see: What’s the difference between tilde(~) and caret(^) in package.json?

Also you have to make sure that the package exists. Maybe there is no "typescript": "2.5.9" look up the package numbers. To be really safe just remove the ~ or the ^ if you dont want to read what they mean.

Method 8

Ok so i struggled for a long time trying to figure this out. Here is the nuclear option, for when you have exhausted all other ways..

When you are done, and it still works, import your actual code into this new project. Fix any compile errors the newer version of angular causes.

Thats what did it for me.. 1 hour of rework vs 6 hours of trying to figure out wtf was wrong.. wish i did it this way to start..

Method 9

Today available Angular 2 rc.7, and I had a similar problem with [email protected] UNMET PEER DEPENDENCY.

If you, like me, simply replaced @angular/...rc.6 to @angular/...rc.7 – it’s not enough. Because, for example, @angular/router has no rc.6 version.

In this case, better review package.json in Quick start

Method 10

You will get this warning if you are using npm v6 or before. After npm v7.0, npm development team has stated that they will automatically install peer dependencies, all together. Therefore, now you don’t want to install your peer dependencies manually.

You can install npm v7.0 using this command,

npm install -g [email protected]

Learn more about npm v7.0 from this blog post, published by the Github Blog.

Method 11

This issue can also occur when trying to fix a security vulnerability issue on a dependency.

Here is what I did:
Audited installed dependencies

npm audit

If there are fix available, running the following would fix the issue most of the time:

npm audit fix

Some issues would have SEMVER WARNING, following the link would give us hint on how to do a manual review and/or what to do next.

Doing a bit more research led me to discovering this command:

npm upgrade

Seems npm audit fix did not account on updating peer dependencies, and running npm upgrade would fixed unmet peer dependencies.
Now check if we resolved the issue by running:

npm list

This will give us all dependencies for our project and warn us of any unmet peer deps errors. Upgrading for the most part is actually better than staying on older version of the package you are using, if you are not having a security vulnerability issue npm install is also a viable option.

Method 12

In case you wish to keep the current version of angular, you can visit this version compatibility checker to check which version of angular-material is best for your current angular version. You can also check peer dependencies of angular-material using angular-material compatibility.

Method 13

you can resolve by installing the UNMET dependencies globally.

example : npm install -g @angular/[email protected]

install each one by one.
its worked for me.


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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