Get current location of user in Android without using GPS or internet

The question:

Is it possible to get the current location of user without using GPS or the internet? I mean with the help of mobile network provider.

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

What you are looking to do is get the position using the LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER instead of LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER. The NETWORK_PROVIDER will resolve on the GSM or wifi, which ever available. Obviously with wifi off, GSM will be used. Keep in mind that using the cell network is accurate to basically 500m. has some really great information and sample code.

After you get done with most of the code in OnCreate(), add this:

// Acquire a reference to the system Location Manager
LocationManager locationManager = (LocationManager) this.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

// Define a listener that responds to location updates
LocationListener locationListener = new LocationListener() {
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
      // Called when a new location is found by the network location provider.

    public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {}

    public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {}

    public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {}

// Register the listener with the Location Manager to receive location updates
locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);

You could also have your activity implement the LocationListener class and thus implement onLocationChanged() in your activity.

Method 2

By getting the getLastKnownLocation you do not actually initiate a fix yourself.

Be aware that this could start the provider, but if the user has ever gotten a location before, I don’t think it will. The docs aren’t really too clear on this.

According to the docs getLastKnownLocation:

Returns a Location indicating the data from the last known location
fix obtained from the given provider. This can be done without
starting the provider.

Here is a quick snippet:

import android.content.Context;
import android.location.Location;
import android.location.LocationManager;
import java.util.List;

public class UtilLocation {
    public static Location getLastKnownLoaction(boolean enabledProvidersOnly, Context context){
        LocationManager manager = (LocationManager) context.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
        Location utilLocation = null;
        List<String> providers = manager.getProviders(enabledProvidersOnly);
        for(String provider : providers){

            utilLocation = manager.getLastKnownLocation(provider);
            if(utilLocation != null) return utilLocation;
        return null;

You also have to add new permission to AndroidManifest.xml

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />

Method 3

No, you cannot currently get location without using GPS or internet.

Location techniques based on WiFi, Cellular, or Bluetooth work with the help of a large database that is constantly being updated. A device scans for transmitter IDs and then sends these in a query through the internet to a service such as Google, Apple, or Skyhook. That service responds with a location based on previous wireless surveys from known locations. Without internet access, you have to have a local copy of such a database and keep this up to date. For global usage, this is very impractical.

Theoretically, a mobile provider could provide local data service only but no access to the internet, and then answer location queries from mobile devices. Mobile providers don’t do this; no one wants to pay for this kind of restricted data access. If you have data service through your mobile provider, then you have internet access.

In short, using LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER or to get location requires use of the internet.

Using the last known position requires you to have had GPS or internet access very recently. If you just had internet, presumably you can adjust your position or settings to get internet again. If your device has not had GPS or internet access, the last known position feature will not help you.

Without GPS or internet, you could:

  1. Take pictures of the night sky and use the current time to estimate your location based on a star chart. This would probably require additional equipment to ensure that the angles for your pictures are correctly measured.
  2. Use an accelerometer to track location starting from a known position. The accumulation of error in this kind of approach makes it impractical for most situations.

Method 4

boolean gps_enabled = false;
boolean network_enabled = false;

LocationManager lm = (LocationManager) mCtx

gps_enabled = lm.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
network_enabled = lm.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

Location net_loc = null, gps_loc = null, finalLoc = null;

if (gps_enabled)
    gps_loc = lm.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
if (network_enabled)
    net_loc = lm.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

if (gps_loc != null && net_loc != null) {

    //smaller the number more accurate result will
    if (gps_loc.getAccuracy() > net_loc.getAccuracy()) 
        finalLoc = net_loc;
        finalLoc = gps_loc;

        // I used this just to get an idea (if both avail, its upto you which you want to take as I've taken location with more accuracy)

} else {

    if (gps_loc != null) {
        finalLoc = gps_loc;
    } else if (net_loc != null) {
        finalLoc = net_loc;

Method 5

Here possible to get the User current location Without the use of GPS and Network Provider.

1 . Convert cellLocation to real location (Latitude and Longitude), using ""

2.Click Here For Your Reference

Method 6

Have you take a look Google Maps Geolocation Api? Google Map Geolocation

This is simple RestApi, you just need POST a request, the the service will return a location with accuracy in meters.

Method 7

It appears that it is possible to track a smart phone without using GPS.


Primary: “PinMe: Tracking a Smartphone User around the World”

Secondary: “How to Track a Cellphone Without GPS—or Consent”

I have not yet found a link to the team’s final code. When I do I will post, if another has not done so.

Method 8

You can use TelephonyManager to do that .

All methods was sourced from or, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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