Eclipse compiles successfully but still gives semantic errors

The question:

NOTE: it apparently is a recurrent question on StackOverflow, but – for what I have seen – either people never find a way or their solution does not work for me

The problem:

I am using Eclipse Juno ADT. Everything was working fine until I tried to update the NDK. I replaced my ndk folder (that was the ndk-r8d) by the new version (i.e. ndk-r8e) and, in my Paths and Symbols configuration, I changed the includes to go from g++ 4.6 to 4.7.

It seemed to break my index: I could compile my code, but Eclipse was giving semantic errors, exactly like in [1] and [2]. The errors mainly come from symbol used by OpenCV4Android, such as distance, pt, queryIdx and trainIdx.

When I tried to backup to my old configuration, the index was still broken! I cannot find a way to change this.

What I have tried

  • Clean up the project
  • Rebuild, refresh, and all the other options in the “Index” submenu (when “right-clicking” on the project)
  • Disable / enable the indexer in the preferences
  • Verify that symbols such as trainIdx only appear in my OpenCV4Android include in the Paths and Symbols section.
  • Change the order of my includes in the Paths and Symbols section. I basically tried to put the OpenCV include in the beginning and in the end.

Some observations

What is not working

I assume that it is the CDT index because of the following:

  • In command line, I can build my project using ndk-build clean and ndk-build.
  • When I start Eclipse, I have no error until I open a C++ file (from the jni folder).
  • I can always build the project, but as long as I have opened a C++ file, I can’t run the application anymore because of a lot of Field '<name>' could not be resolved.
  • If I don’t open the C++ files, Eclipse doesn’t report any error and can build and deploy the Android application successfully.

Interesting fact

The following code reports errors on line, queryIdx, pt:

cv::line(mRgb, keypointsA[matches[i].queryIdx].pt, keypointsB[matches[i].trainIdx].pt, cv::Scalar(255, 0, 0, 255), 1, 8, 0);

If I write it as follows, it works:

cv::DMatch tmpMatch = matches[i];
cv::KeyPoint queryKp = keypointsA[tmpMatch.queryIdx];
cv::KeyPoint trainKp = keypointsB[tmpMatch.trainIdx];
cv::line(mRgb,,, cv::Scalar(255, 0, 0, 255), 1, 8, 0);

It is not that all of the OpenCV functions are unresolved: only pt, queryIdx and trainIdx are.

Any comment will be really appreciated.

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

In your selected project preferences within the Eclipse environment, go to C/C++ General -> Code Analysis -> Launching. Make sure that both check boxes are unchecked. Close and reopen the project or restart eclipse and rebuild the project.

Method 2

Since indexing for Android native code on Eclipse is incomplete, I managed to enable indexing in my NDK projects the following unintuitive way, it should work whether you use ndk-build or plain make or even cmake. I’m using Kepler but it should work on older versions too.

Get your toolchain right

  • Right click on project -> Properties -> C/C++ Build -> Tool Chain Editor -> Uncheck Display compatible toolchains only.
  • In the same window, set Current toolchain to Linux GCC.
  • In the same window, set Current builder to Android Builder if you’re using ndk-build, set it to Gnu Make Builder otherwise (this step may be wrong, sorry in advance if it is).
  • Right click on project -> Properties -> C/C++ Build -> Build Variables -> Make sure Build command reads the correct command for your project; if it’s not, uncheck Use default build command and correct it (it may be ndk-build or make -j5 that you want). If you build the native code in a separate terminal, you can skip this step.

Make a standalone toolchain, it’s probably the cleanest way to get STL sources in one place

  • Go to the NDK root directory.
  • Run the following (tweak the settings according to your liking). Add sudo if you don’t have write permissions to the --install-dir because the script fails silently.

  • This is assuming that you use GNU-STL. If you use another C/C++ library, you will need to tweak the above command, and probably also the include paths in the next command.

Add the necessary include paths to your project

  • Right click on project -> Properties -> C/C++ General -> Paths and Symbols -> Go to the Includes tab -> Select GNU C++ from Languages -> Click Add and add the following paths (assuming you installed the standalone toolchain to /opt/android-toolchain):

    • /opt/android-toolchain/include/
    • /opt/android-toolchain/include/c++/4.8/
    • /opt/android-toolchain/include/c++/4.8/arm-linux-androideabi/
    • /opt/android-toolchain/lib/gcc/arm-linux-androideabi/4.8/include/
    • /opt/android-toolchain/include/c++/4.8/backward/
    • /opt/android-toolchain/lib/gcc/arm-linux-androideabi/4.8/include-fixed/
    • /opt/android-toolchain/sysroot/usr/include/
  • Here, you can add every include path you want. In fact, I have my OpenCV built for Android and installed in the standalone toolchain, so I have the following include there:

    • /opt/android-toolchain/sysroot/usr/share/opencv/sdk/native/jni/include/

Now, the indexing should work. You should also be able to run ndk-build (or make if that’s your build method) and then deploy your project to your device inside Eclipse.


Android native development on Eclipse is incomplete since the indexing doesn’t work out of the box. This is due to having to support multiple architectures (ARMv7, Intel etc.), multiple STL options, multiple Android versions etc. This is why you have the bare make based ndk-build and the whole NDK structure, and this is also why NDK development is very unclean and few large volume native Android projects exist.

A big Android project is OpenCV where they had to develop a 1500 odd line CMake script to get it to compile for Android properly. At some point, they tried to export that script as a CMake based build system for Android but it couldn’t keep up with the changes in the NDK system and was abandoned. This support should have been inside NDK itself.

The default NDK build system should have been standalone toolchain only, with all different architectures/C++ libraries having their own toolchains at the cost of storage space but with the advantage of cleanness, intuitiveness and good practice. Then you can incorporate any standard cross-compilation system that is also used elsewhere, is tested and is well-known, e.g CMake. You can, and in my opinion you should, do that with the NDK’s make-standalone-toolchain command as shown above. But in the end, this is only my opinion. If you feel comfortable enough with ndk-build then go ahead.

Method 3

It’s actually quite hard to say what is the problem. Here are some advices:

  1. Try to import and build hello-jni (it is located in jni‘s samples folder). If it runs without problems than problem is with linking OpenCV to your project.
  2. It seems that you forgot to update android-ndk location in project properties -> c/c++ build -> environment. Here’s link to problem Issue with build Android NDK project.
  3. Build from console your project (ndk-build -B), delete all errors in Eclipse manually (in Problems view select all errors and just click delete) and try to run project now. Sometimes this “hack” helps me to run project.
  4. Close Eclipse and delete folder path-to-your-workspace/.metadata/.plugins/org.eclipse.cdt.core (backup it first).

Method 4

Go to Preferences > C/C++ > Language Mapping > ADD (Source C File and select GNU C) Do the same for C++

Method 5

I had the same issue. I had all the proper include paths setup but after opening the .c/.cpp or .h file and it would start marking everything as “Unresolved.”

This worked for me…

Go to:


Check Index Source And Header Files Open in Editor.

Method 6

I had the same issue, like many people.

I followed the steps in Ayberk Özgür post, which make good sense. Although I also had to make sure to put includes under all three languages: GNU C, GNU C++, and Assembly. Probably because I’m not using a stand alone tool chain.

I at first had my includes only under GNU C and GNU C++ languages. Which left me still with the unresolved includes error. Not until I assigned my includes under the Assembler language as well did my errors go away.

I do not know why eclipse is only searching through the Assembler includes in my project. I also do not know how this part of the solution will work for bigger more complicated projects.

Hope this helps.

Method 7

I had the similar situation with Eclipse CDT working with the OpenCV library. I got several error messages while the program compiled correctly. I changed the indexer setting in “window->preferences->Indexer” “build configuration for indexer” box to “Use Active Configuration” which solved my issue.

Method 8

I just spent about 3h banging my head against this Eclipse NDK indexing issue!..

What made it work: make sure that you have only ONE cpu architecture specified in Your file.

Otherwise the .metadata/.plugins/*.pathInfo file will not be generated by the NDK build. This file contains built-in values from Project -> Properties -> C/C++ General -> Paths and Symbols -> Includes (just making .pathInfo file does not fix the problem)

All methods was sourced from or, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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