Creating common controller functions

The question:

How do I create some sort of utils bundle that would be accessible from all my controllers?

I have this route code in my main module:

'use strict';

angular.module('lpConnect', []).
    config(['$routeProvider', function($routeProvider) {
    $routeProvider.
        when('/home', {template: 'views/home.html', controller: HomeCtrl}).
        when('/admin', {template: 'views/admin.html', controller: AdminCtrl}).
        when('/connect', {template: 'views/fb_connect.html', controller: MainAppCtrl}).
        otherwise({redirectTo: '/connect'});
}]);

I want a function that can be common to HomeCtrl, AdminCtrl and MainAppCtrl.

How should I do it in AngularJS?

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

The way to define common code in angular is through Services.

You would define a new service like so :

.factory('CommonCode', function ($window) {
        var root = {};
        root.show = function(msg){
            $window.alert(msg);
        };
        return root;
    });

In your controller you would inject this service..like so

function MainAppCtrl($scope,CommonCode)
{
     $scope.alerter = CommonCode;
     $scope.alerter.show("Hello World");
}

Just include CommonCode as an argument to your controller function.. Angular will take care of injecting it for you ( Read on Dependancy Injection ..to understand what is happening here. )

Method 2

Just to update previous answer (which only define what factory is), there are 3 ways to inject dependencies (define common code) in AngularJS:

  • Providers
  • Factories
  • Services

I will not talk much about provider because it is a more laborious method for dependency injection. However, this page explains very well how they work.


Technically, service and factory are used for the same thing.
It turns out, a service is a constructor function whereas a factory is not.

From this post:

module.service( 'serviceName', function );

When declaring serviceName as an injectable argument you will be
provided with an instance of the function.

module.factory( 'factoryName', function );

When declaring factoryName as an injectable argument you will be
provided with the value that is returned by invoking the function
reference passed to module.factory.


You can use the one you prefer and obtain the same result.

Here is two codes doing exactly the same thing through service first, and then factory:

Service syntax

app.service('MyService', function () {
  this.sayHello = function () {
    console.log('hello');
  };
});

Factory syntax

app.factory('MyService', function () {
  return {
    sayHello: function () {
      console.log('hello');
    }
  }
});


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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