Clicking a button within a form causes page refresh

The question:

I have a form in Angular that has two buttons tags in it. One button submits the form on ng-click. The other button is purely for navigation using ng-click. However, when this second button is clicked, AngularJS is causing a page refresh which triggers a 404. I’ve dropped a breakpoint in the function and it is triggering my function. If I do any of the following, it stops:

  1. If I remove the ng-click, the button doesn’t cause a page refresh.
  2. If I comment out the code in the function, it doesn’t cause a page refresh.
  3. If I change the button tag to an anchor tag (<a>) with href="", then it doesn’t cause a refresh.

The latter seems like the simplest workaround, but why is AngularJS even running any code after my function that causes the page to reload? Seems like a bug.

Here is the form:

<form class="form-horizontal" name="myProfile" ng-switch-when="profile">
    <div class="control-group">
      <label class="control-label" for="passwordButton">Password</label>
      <div class="controls">
        <button id="passwordButton" class="secondaryButton" ng-click="showChangePassword()">Change</button>

    <div class="buttonBar">
      <button id="saveProfileButton" class="primaryButton" ng-click="saveUser()">Save</button>

Here is the controller method:

$scope.showChangePassword = function() {
  $scope.selectedLink = "changePassword";

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

If you have a look at the W3C specification, it would seem like the obvious thing to try is to mark your button elements with type='button' when you don’t want them to submit.

The thing to note in particular is where it says

A button element with no type attribute specified represents the same thing as a button element with its type attribute set to “submit”

Method 2

You can try to prevent default handler:


<button ng-click="saveUser($event)">


$scope.saveUser = function (event) {
  // your code

Method 3

You should declare the attribute ng-submit={expression} in your <form> tag.

From the ngSubmit docs

Enables binding angular expressions to onsubmit events.

Additionally it prevents the default action (which for form means sending the request to the server and reloading the current page).

Method 4

I use directive to prevent default behaviour:

module.directive('preventDefault', function() {
    return function(scope, element, attrs) {
        angular.element(element).bind('click', function(event) {

And then, in html:

<button class="secondaryButton" prevent-default>Secondary action</button>

This directive can also be used with <a> and all other tags

Method 5

You can keep <button type="submit">, but must remove the attribute action="" of <form>.

Method 6

I wonder why nobody proposed the possibly simplest solution:

don’t use a <form>

A <whatever ng-form> does IMHO a better job and without an HTML form, there’s nothing to be submitted by the browser itself. Which is exactly the right behavior when using angular.

Method 7

Add action to your form.

<form action="#">

Method 8

This answer may not be directly related to the question. It’s just for the case when you submit the form using scripts.

According to ng-submit code

 var handleFormSubmission = function(event) {
  scope.$apply(function() {


formElement[0].addEventListener('submit', handleFormSubmission);

It adds submit event listener on the form.
But submit event handler wouldn’t be called when submit is initiated by calling form.submit(). In this case, ng-submit will not prevent the default action, you have to call preventDefault yourself in ng-submit handler;

To provide a reasonably definitive answer, the HTML Form Submission Algorithm item 5 states that a form only dispatches a submit event if it was not submitted by calling the submit method (which means it only dispatches a submit event if submitted by a button or other implicit method, e.g. pressing enter while focus is on an input type text element).

See Form submitted using submit() from a link cannot be caught by onsubmit handler

Method 9

First Button submits the form and second does not

<form  ng-app="myApp" ng-controller="myCtrl" ng-submit="Sub()">
S:<input type="text" ng-model="v"><br>
//Dont Submit
<button type='button' ng-click="Dont()">Dont Submit</button>

var app = angular.module('myApp', []);
app.controller('myCtrl', function($scope) {
alert('Inside Submit');



Method 10

Just add the FormsModule in the imports array of app.module.ts file,
and add import { FormsModule } from '@angular/forms'; at the top of this file…this will work.

Method 11

I also had the same problem, but gladelly I fixed this by changing the type like from type="submit" to type="button" and it worked.

All methods was sourced from or, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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