Cache an HTTP ‘Get’ service response in AngularJS?

The question:

I want to be able to create a custom AngularJS service that makes an HTTP ‘Get’ request when its data object is empty and populates the data object on success.

The next time a call is made to this service, I would like to bypass the overhead of making the HTTP request again and instead return the cached data object.

Is this possible?

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

Angular’s $http has a cache built in. According to the docs:

cache – {boolean|Object} – A boolean value or object created with $cacheFactory to enable or disable caching of the HTTP response. See
$http Caching for more
information
.

Boolean value

So you can set cache to true in its options:

$http.get(url, { cache: true}).success(...);

or, if you prefer the config type of call:

$http({ cache: true, url: url, method: 'GET'}).success(...);

Cache Object

You can also use a cache factory:

var cache = $cacheFactory('myCache');

$http.get(url, { cache: cache })

You can implement it yourself using $cacheFactory (especially handly when using $resource):

var cache = $cacheFactory('myCache');

var data = cache.get(someKey);

if (!data) {
   $http.get(url).success(function(result) {
      data = result;
      cache.put(someKey, data);
   });
}

Method 2

I think there’s an even easier way now. This enables basic caching for all $http requests (which $resource inherits):

 var app = angular.module('myApp',[])
      .config(['$httpProvider', function ($httpProvider) {
            // enable http caching
           $httpProvider.defaults.cache = true;
      }])

Method 3

An easier way to do this in the current stable version (1.0.6) requires a lot less code.

After setting up your module add a factory:

var app = angular.module('myApp', []);
// Configure routes and controllers and views associated with them.
app.config(function ($routeProvider) {
    // route setups
});
app.factory('MyCache', function ($cacheFactory) {
    return $cacheFactory('myCache');
});

Now you can pass this into your controller:

app.controller('MyController', function ($scope, $http, MyCache) {
    $http.get('fileInThisCase.json', { cache: MyCache }).success(function (data) {
        // stuff with results
    });
});

One downside is that the key names are also setup automatically, which could make clearing them tricky. Hopefully they’ll add in some way to get key names.

Method 4

Check out the library angular-cache if you like $http’s built-in caching but want more control. You can use it to seamlessly augment $http cache with time-to-live, periodic purges, and the option of persisting the cache to localStorage so that it’s available across sessions.

FWIW, it also provides tools and patterns for making your cache into a more dynamic sort of data-store that you can interact with as POJO’s, rather than just the default JSON strings. Can’t comment on the utility of that option as yet.

(Then, on top of that, related library angular-data is sort of a replacement for $resource and/or Restangular, and is dependent upon angular-cache.)

Method 5

As AngularJS factories are singletons, you can simply store the result of the http request and retrieve it next time your service is injected into something.

angular.module('myApp', ['ngResource']).factory('myService',
  function($resource) {
    var cache = false;
    return {
      query: function() {
        if(!cache) {
          cache = $resource('http://example.com/api').query();
        }
        return cache;
      }
    };
  }
);

Method 6

angularBlogServices.factory('BlogPost', ['$resource',
    function($resource) {
        return $resource("./Post/:id", {}, {
            get:    {method: 'GET',    cache: true,  isArray: false},
            save:   {method: 'POST',   cache: false, isArray: false},
            update: {method: 'PUT',    cache: false, isArray: false},
            delete: {method: 'DELETE', cache: false, isArray: false}
        });
    }]);

set cache to be true.

Method 7

In Angular 8 we can do like this:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { YourModel} from '../models/<yourModel>.model';
import { UserService } from './user.service';
import { Observable, of } from 'rxjs';
import { map, catchError } from 'rxjs/operators';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})

export class GlobalDataService {

  private me: <YourModel>;

  private meObservable: Observable<User>;

  constructor(private yourModalService: <yourModalService>, private http: HttpClient) {

  }

  ngOnInit() {

  }


  getYourModel(): Observable<YourModel> {

    if (this.me) {
      return of(this.me);
    } else if (this.meObservable) {
      return this.meObservable;
    }
    else {
      this.meObservable = this.yourModalService.getCall<yourModel>() // Your http call
      .pipe(
        map(data => {
          this.me = data;
          return data;
        })
      );
      return this.meObservable;
    }
  }
}

You can call it like this:

this.globalDataService.getYourModel().subscribe(yourModel => {


});

The above code will cache the result of remote API at first call so that it can be used on further requests to that method.


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

Leave a Comment