Angularjs simple file download causes router to redirect

The question:

HTML:

<a href="mysite.com/uploads/asd4a4d5a.pdf" rel="nofollow noreferrer noopener" download="foo.pdf">

Uploads get a unique file name while there real name is kept in database. I want to realize a simple file download. But the code above redirects to / because of:

$routeProvider.otherwise({
    redirectTo: '/', 
    controller: MainController
});

I tried with

$scope.download = function(resource){
    window.open(resource);
}

but this just opens the file in a new window.

Any ideas how to enable a real download for any file type?

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

https://docs.angularjs.org/guide/$location#html-link-rewriting

In cases like the following, links are not rewritten; instead, the
browser will perform a full page reload to the original link.

  • Links that contain target element Example:
    <a href="/ext/link?a=b" rel="nofollow noreferrer noopener" target="_self">link</a>

  • Absolute links that go to a different domain Example:
    <a href="http://angularjs.org/" rel="nofollow noreferrer noopener">link</a>

  • Links starting with ‘/’ that lead to a different base path when base is defined Example:
    <a href="/not-my-base/link" rel="nofollow noreferrer noopener">link</a>

So in your case, you should add a target attribute like so…

<a target="_self" href="example.com/uploads/asd4a4d5a.pdf" rel="nofollow noreferrer noopener" download="foo.pdf">

Method 2

We also had to develop a solution which would even work with APIs requiring authentication (see this article)

Using AngularJS in a nutshell here is how we did it:

Step 1: Create a dedicated directive

// jQuery needed, uses Bootstrap classes, adjust the path of templateUrl
app.directive('pdfDownload', function() {
return {
    restrict: 'E',
    templateUrl: '/path/to/pdfDownload.tpl.html',
    scope: true,
    link: function(scope, element, attr) {
        var anchor = element.children()[0];

        // When the download starts, disable the link
        scope.$on('download-start', function() {
            $(anchor).attr('disabled', 'disabled');
        });

        // When the download finishes, attach the data to the link. Enable the link and change its appearance.
        scope.$on('downloaded', function(event, data) {
            $(anchor).attr({
                href: 'data:application/pdf;base64,' + data,
                download: attr.filename
            })
                .removeAttr('disabled')
                .text('Save')
                .removeClass('btn-primary')
                .addClass('btn-success');

            // Also overwrite the download pdf function to do nothing.
            scope.downloadPdf = function() {
            };
        });
    },
    controller: ['$scope', '$attrs', '$http', function($scope, $attrs, $http) {
        $scope.downloadPdf = function() {
            $scope.$emit('download-start');
            $http.get($attrs.url).then(function(response) {
                $scope.$emit('downloaded', response.data);
            });
        };
    }] 
});

Step 2: Create a template

<a href="" class=" rel="nofollow noreferrer noopener"btn btn-primary" ng-click="downloadPdf()">Download</a>

Step 3: Use it

<pdf-download url="/some/path/to/a.pdf" filename="my-awesome-pdf"></pdf-download>

This will render a blue button. When clicked, a PDF will be downloaded (Caution: the backend has to deliver the PDF in Base64 encoding!) and put into the href. The button turns green and switches the text to Save. The user can click again and will be presented with a standard download file dialog for the file my-awesome.pdf.

Our example uses PDF files, but apparently you could provide any binary format given it’s properly encoded.

Method 3

If you need a directive more advanced, I recomend the solution that I implemnted, correctly tested on Internet Explorer 11, Chrome and FireFox.

I hope it, will be helpfull.

HTML :

<a href="#" rel="nofollow noreferrer noopener" class="btn btn-default" file-name="'fileName.extension'"  ng-click="getFile()" file-download="myBlobObject"><i class="fa fa-file-excel-o"></i></a>

DIRECTIVE :

directive('fileDownload',function(){
    return{
        restrict:'A',
        scope:{
            fileDownload:'=',
            fileName:'=',
        },

        link:function(scope,elem,atrs){


            scope.$watch('fileDownload',function(newValue, oldValue){

                if(newValue!=undefined && newValue!=null){
                    console.debug('Downloading a new file'); 
                    var isFirefox = typeof InstallTrigger !== 'undefined';
                    var isSafari = Object.prototype.toString.call(window.HTMLElement).indexOf('Constructor') > 0;
                    var isIE = /*@[email protected]*/false || !!document.documentMode;
                    var isEdge = !isIE && !!window.StyleMedia;
                    var isChrome = !!window.chrome && !!window.chrome.webstore;
                    var isOpera = (!!window.opr && !!opr.addons) || !!window.opera || navigator.userAgent.indexOf(' OPR/') >= 0;
                    var isBlink = (isChrome || isOpera) && !!window.CSS;

                    if(isFirefox || isIE || isChrome){
                        if(isChrome){
                            console.log('Manage Google Chrome download');
                            var url = window.URL || window.webkitURL;
                            var fileURL = url.createObjectURL(scope.fileDownload);
                            var downloadLink = angular.element('<a></a>');//create a new  <a> tag element
                            downloadLink.attr('href',fileURL);
                            downloadLink.attr('download',scope.fileName);
                            downloadLink.attr('target','_self');
                            downloadLink[0].click();//call click function
                            url.revokeObjectURL(fileURL);//revoke the object from URL
                        }
                        if(isIE){
                            console.log('Manage IE download>10');
                            window.navigator.msSaveOrOpenBlob(scope.fileDownload,scope.fileName); 
                        }
                        if(isFirefox){
                            console.log('Manage Mozilla Firefox download');
                            var url = window.URL || window.webkitURL;
                            var fileURL = url.createObjectURL(scope.fileDownload);
                            var a=elem[0];//recover the <a> tag from directive
                            a.href=fileURL;
                            a.download=scope.fileName;
                            a.target='_self';
                            a.click();//we call click function
                        }


                    }else{
                        alert('SORRY YOUR BROWSER IS NOT COMPATIBLE');
                    }
                }
            });

        }
    }
})

IN CONTROLLER:

$scope.myBlobObject=undefined;
$scope.getFile=function(){
        console.log('download started, you can show a wating animation');
        serviceAsPromise.getStream({param1:'data1',param1:'data2', ...})
        .then(function(data){//is important that the data was returned as Aray Buffer
                console.log('Stream download complete, stop animation!');
                $scope.myBlobObject=new Blob([data],{ type:'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet'});
        },function(fail){
                console.log('Download Error, stop animation and show error message');
                                    $scope.myBlobObject=[];
                                });
                            }; 

IN SERVICE:

function getStream(params){
                 console.log("RUNNING");
                 var deferred = $q.defer();

                 $http({
                     url:'../downloadURL/',
                     method:"PUT",//you can use also GET or POST
                     data:params,
                     headers:{'Content-type': 'application/json'},
                     responseType : 'arraybuffer',//THIS IS IMPORTANT
                    })
                    .success(function (data) {
                        console.debug("SUCCESS");
                        deferred.resolve(data);
                    }).error(function (data) {
                         console.error("ERROR");
                         deferred.reject(data);
                    });

                 return deferred.promise;
                };

BACKEND(on SPRING):

@RequestMapping(value = "/downloadURL/", method = RequestMethod.PUT)
public void downloadExcel(HttpServletResponse response,
        @RequestBody Map<String,String> spParams
        ) throws IOException {
        OutputStream outStream=null;
outStream = response.getOutputStream();//is important manage the exceptions here
ObjectThatWritesOnOutputStream myWriter= new ObjectThatWritesOnOutputStream();// note that this object doesn exist on JAVA,
ObjectThatWritesOnOutputStream.write(outStream);//you can configure more things here
outStream.flush();
return;
}

Method 4

in template

<md-button class="md-fab md-mini md-warn md-ink-ripple" ng-click="export()" aria-label="Export">
<md-icon class="material-icons" alt="Export" title="Export" aria-label="Export">
    system_update_alt
</md-icon></md-button>

in controller

     $scope.export = function(){ $window.location.href = $scope.export; };


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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