AngularJS Multiple ng-app within a page

The question:

I have just started learning Angular JS and created some basic samples however I am stuck with the following problem.

I have created 2 modules and 2 controllers.

shoppingCart -> ShoppingCartController
namesList -> NamesController

There are associated views for each controller. The first View renders fine but second is not rendering. There are no errors.

http://jsfiddle.net/ep2sQ/

Please help me solve this issue.

Also is there any possibility to add console in View to check what values are passed from Controller.

e.g. in the following div can we add console.log and output the controller values

<div ng-app="shoppingCart" ng-controller="ShoppingCartController">
</div>

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

So basically as mentioned by Cherniv we need to bootstrap the modules to have multiple ng-app within the same page. Many thanks for all the inputs.

var shoppingCartModule = angular.module("shoppingCart", [])
shoppingCartModule.controller("ShoppingCartController",
  function($scope) {
    $scope.items = [{
      product_name: "Product 1",
      price: 50
    }, {
      product_name: "Product 2",
      price: 20
    }, {
      product_name: "Product 3",
      price: 180
    }];
    $scope.remove = function(index) {
      $scope.items.splice(index, 1);
    }
  }
);
var namesModule = angular.module("namesList", [])
namesModule.controller("NamesController",
  function($scope) {
    $scope.names = [{
      username: "Nitin"
    }, {
      username: "Mukesh"
    }];
  }
);
angular.bootstrap(document.getElementById("App2"), ['namesList']);
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.5.3/angular.min.js"></script>

<div id="App1" ng-app="shoppingCart" ng-controller="ShoppingCartController">
  <h1>Your order</h1>
  <div ng-repeat="item in items">
    <span>{{item.product_name}}</span>
    <span>{{item.price | currency}}</span>
    <button ng-click="remove($index);">Remove</button>
  </div>
</div>

<div id="App2" ng-app="namesList" ng-controller="NamesController">
  <h1>List of Names</h1>
  <div ng-repeat="_name in names">
    <p>{{_name.username}}</p>
  </div>
</div>

Method 2

To run multiple applications in an HTML document you must manually bootstrap them using angular.bootstrap()

HTML

<!-- Automatic Initialization -->
<div ng-app="myFirstModule">
    ...
</div>
<!-- Need To Manually Bootstrap All Other Modules -->
<div id="module2">
    ...
</div>

JS

angular.
  bootstrap(document.getElementById("module2"), ['mySecondModule']);

The reason for this is that only one AngularJS application can be automatically bootstrapped per HTML document. The first ng-app found in the document will be used to define the root element to auto-bootstrap as an application.

In other words, while it is technically possible to have several applications per page, only one ng-app directive will be automatically instantiated and initialized by the Angular framework.

Method 3

You can use angular.bootstrap() directly… the problem is you lose the benefits of directives.

First you need to get a reference to the HTML element in order to bootstrap it, which means your code is now coupled to your HTML.

Secondly the association between the two is not as apparent. With ngApp you can clearly see what HTML is associated with what module and you know where to look for that information. But angular.bootstrap() could be invoked from anywhere in your code.

If you are going to do it at all the best way would be by using a directive. Which is what I did. It’s called ngModule. Here is what your code would look like using it:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <script src="angular.js"></script>
        <script src="angular.ng-modules.js"></script>
        <script>
          var moduleA = angular.module("MyModuleA", []);
          moduleA.controller("MyControllerA", function($scope) {
              $scope.name = "Bob A";
          });

          var moduleB = angular.module("MyModuleB", []);
          moduleB.controller("MyControllerB", function($scope) {
              $scope.name = "Steve B";
          });
        </script>
    </head>
    <body>
        <div ng-modules="MyModuleA, MyModuleB">
            <h1>Module A, B</h1>
            <div ng-controller="MyControllerA">
                {{name}}
            </div>
            <div ng-controller="MyControllerB">
                {{name}}
            </div>
        </div>

        <div ng-module="MyModuleB">
            <h1>Just Module B</h1>
            <div ng-controller="MyControllerB">
                {{name}}
            </div>
        </div>
    </body>
</html>

You can get the source code for it at:

http://www.simplygoodcode.com/2014/04/angularjs-getting-around-ngapp-limitations-with-ngmodule/

It’s implemented in the same way as ngApp. It simply calls angular.bootstrap() behind the scenes.

Method 4

In my case I had to wrap the bootstrapping of my second app in angular.element(document).ready for it to work:

angular.element(document).ready(function() {
  angular.bootstrap(document.getElementById("app2"), ["app2"]);
});   

Method 5

Here’s an example of two applications in one html page and two conrollers in one application :

    <div ng-app = "myapp">
      <div  ng-controller = "C1" id="D1">
         <h2>controller 1 in app 1 <span id="titre">{{s1.title}}</span> !</h2>
      </div>

      <div  ng-controller = "C2" id="D2">
         <h2>controller 2 in app 1 <span id="titre">{{s2.valeur}}</span> !</h2>
      </div>
    </div>
    <script>
        var A1 = angular.module("myapp", [])

        A1.controller("C1", function($scope) {
            $scope.s1 = {};
            $scope.s1.title = "Titre 1";
         });

        A1.controller("C2", function($scope) {
            $scope.s2 = {};
            $scope.s2.valeur = "Valeur 2";
         });
    </script>

    <div ng-app="toapp" ng-controller="C1" id="App2">
        <br>controller 1 in app 2
        <br>First Name: <input type = "text" ng-model = "student.firstName">
        <br>Last Name : <input type="text" ng-model="student.lastName">
        <br>Hello : {{student.fullName()}}
        <br>
    </div>

    <script>
        var A2 = angular.module("toapp", []);
        A2.controller("C1", function($scope) {
            $scope.student={
                firstName:"M",
                lastName:"E",
                fullName:function(){
                    var so=$scope.student;
                    return so.firstName+" "+so.lastName;
                }
            };
        });
        angular.bootstrap(document.getElementById("App2"), ['toapp']);
    </script>
<style>
    #titre{color:red;}
    #D1{ background-color:gray; width:50%; height:20%;}
    #D2{ background-color:yellow; width:50%; height:20%;}
    input{ font-weight: bold; }
</style>

Method 6

You can merge multiple modules in one rootModule , and assign that module as
ng-app to a superior element ex: body tag.

code ex:

    <!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.3.14/angular.min.js"></script>
<script src="namesController.js"></script>
<script src="myController.js"></script>
<script>var rootApp = angular.module('rootApp', ['myApp1','myApp2'])</script>
<body ng-app="rootApp">

<div ng-app="myApp1" ng-controller="myCtrl" >
First Name: <input type="text" ng-model="firstName"><br>
Last Name: <input type="text" ng-model="lastName"><br>
<br>
Full Name: {{firstName + " " + lastName}}
</div>

<div ng-app="myApp2" ng-controller="namesCtrl">
<ul>
  <li ng-bind="first">{{first}}
  </li>
</ul>
</div>

</body>
</html>

Method 7

         var shoppingCartModule = angular.module("shoppingCart", [])
          shoppingCartModule.controller("ShoppingCartController",
           function($scope) {
             $scope.items = [{
               product_name: "Product 1",
               price: 50
             }, {
               product_name: "Product 2",
               price: 20
             }, {
               product_name: "Product 3",
               price: 180
             }];
             $scope.remove = function(index) {
               $scope.items.splice(index, 1);
             }
           }
         );
         var namesModule = angular.module("namesList", [])
          namesModule.controller("NamesController",
           function($scope) {
             $scope.names = [{
               username: "Nitin"
             }, {
               username: "Mukesh"
             }];
           }
         );


         var namesModule = angular.module("namesList2", [])
          namesModule.controller("NamesController",
           function($scope) {
             $scope.names = [{
               username: "Nitin"
             }, {
               username: "Mukesh"
             }];
           }
         );


         angular.element(document).ready(function() {
           angular.bootstrap(document.getElementById("App2"), ['namesList']);
           angular.bootstrap(document.getElementById("App3"), ['namesList2']);
         });
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
  <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.4.8/angular.min.js"></script>

</head>

<body>

  <div id="App1" ng-app="shoppingCart" ng-controller="ShoppingCartController">
    <h1>Your order</h1>
    <div ng-repeat="item in items">
      <span>{{item.product_name}}</span>
      <span>{{item.price | currency}}</span>
      <button ng-click="remove($index);">Remove</button>
    </div>
  </div>

  <div id="App2" ng-app="namesList" ng-controller="NamesController">
    <h1>List of Names</h1>
    <div ng-repeat="_name in names">
      <p>{{_name.username}}</p>
    </div>
  </div>
  <div id="App3" ng-app="namesList2" ng-controller="NamesController">
    <h1>List of Names</h1>
    <div ng-repeat="_name in names">
      <p>{{_name.username}}</p>
    </div>
  </div>


</body>

</html>

Method 8

// root-app
const rootApp = angular.module('root-app', ['app1', 'app2E']);

// app1
const app11aa = angular.module('app1', []);
app11aa.controller('main', function($scope) {
  $scope.msg = 'App 1';
});

// app2
const app2 = angular.module('app2E', []);
app2.controller('mainB', function($scope) {
  $scope.msg = 'App 2';
});

// bootstrap
angular.bootstrap(document.querySelector('#app1a'), ['app1']);
angular.bootstrap(document.querySelector('#app2b'), ['app2E']);
<!-- [email protected] -->
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.7.0/angular.min.js"></script>

<!-- root-app -->
<div ng-app="root-app">

  <!-- app1 -->
  <div id="app1a">
    <div ng-controller="main">
      {{msg}}
    </div>
  </div>

  <!-- app2 -->
  <div id="app2b">
    <div ng-controller="mainB">
      {{msg}}
    </div>
  </div>

</div>

Method 9

Only one app is automatically initialized. Others have to manually initialized as follows:

Syntax:

angular.bootstrap(element, [modules]);

Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
  <script src="https://code.angularjs.org/1.5.8/angular.js" data-semver="1.5.8" data-require="[email protected]"></script>
  <script data-require="[email protected]" data-semver="0.2.18" src="//cdn.rawgit.com/angular-ui/ui-router/0.2.18/release/angular-ui-router.js"></script>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css" rel="nofollow noreferrer noopener" />
  <script>
    var parentApp = angular.module('parentApp', [])
  .controller('MainParentCtrl', function($scope) {
    $scope.name = 'universe';
  });



var childApp = angular.module('childApp', ['parentApp'])
  .controller('MainChildCtrl', function($scope) {
    $scope.name = 'world';
  });


angular.element(document).ready(function() {
  angular.bootstrap(document.getElementById('childApp'), ['childApp']);
});
    
  </script>
</head>

<body>
  <div id="childApp">
    <div ng-controller="MainParentCtrl">
      Hello {{name}} !
      <div>
        <div ng-controller="MainChildCtrl">
          Hello {{name}} !
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
</body>

</html>

AngularJS API

Method 10

You can define a Root ng-App and in this ng-App you can define multiple nd-Controler. Like this

    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
    <script src = "https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.3.3/angular.min.js"></script>

<style>
         table, th , td {
            border: 1px solid grey;
            border-collapse: collapse;
            padding: 5px;
         }

         table tr:nth-child(odd) {
            background-color: #f2f2f2;
         }

         table tr:nth-child(even) {
            background-color: #ffffff;
         }
      </style>

     <script>
      var mainApp = angular.module("mainApp", []);

      mainApp.controller('studentController1', function ($scope) {
      $scope.student = {
      firstName: "MUKESH",
      lastName: "Paswan",

      fullName: function () {
         var studentObject;
         studentObject = $scope.student;
         return studentObject.firstName + " " + studentObject.lastName;
                     }
                 };
             });

             mainApp.controller('studentController2', function ($scope) {
                 $scope.student = {
                     firstName: "Mahesh",
                     lastName: "Parashar",
                     fees: 500,

                     subjects: [
                        { name: 'Physics', marks: 70 },
                        { name: 'Chemistry', marks: 80 },
                        { name: 'Math', marks: 65 },
                        { name: 'English', marks: 75 },
                        { name: 'Hindi', marks: 67 }
                     ],

                     fullName: function () {
                         var studentObject;
                         studentObject = $scope.student;
                         return studentObject.firstName + " " + studentObject.lastName;
                     }
                 };
             });
          </script>

    <body>
    <div ng-app = "mainApp">
    <div id="dv1"  ng-controller = "studentController1">
    Enter first name: <input type = "text" ng-model = "student.firstName"><br/><br/> Enter last name: <input type = "text" ng-model = "student.lastName"><br/>
    <br/>
     You are entering: {{student.fullName()}}
    </div>

    <div id="dv2" ng-controller = "studentController2">
     <table border = "0">
                <tr>
                   <td>Enter first name:</td>
                   <td><input type = "text" ng-model = "student.firstName"></td>
                </tr>

                <tr>
                   <td>Enter last name: </td>
                   <td>
                      <input type = "text" ng-model = "student.lastName">
                   </td>
                </tr>

                <tr>
                   <td>Name: </td>
                   <td>{{student.fullName()}}</td>
                </tr>

                <tr>
                   <td>Subject:</td>

                   <td>
                      <table>
                         <tr>
                            <th>Name</th>.
                            <th>Marks</th>
                         </tr>

                         <tr ng-repeat = "subject in student.subjects">
                            <td>{{ subject.name }}</td>
                            <td>{{ subject.marks }}</td>
                         </tr>

                      </table>
                   </td>

                </tr>
             </table>

          </div>
    </div>

    </body>
    </html>

Method 11

I have modified your jsfiddle, can make top most module as rootModule for rest of the modules.
Below Modifications updated on your jsfiddle.

  1. Second Module can injected in RootModule.
  2. In Html second defined ng-app placed inside the Root ng-app.

Updated JsFiddle:
http://jsfiddle.net/ep2sQ/1011/

Method 12

Use angular.bootstrap(element, [modules], [config]) to manually start up AngularJS application (for more information, see the Bootstrap guide).

See the following example:

// root-app
const rootApp = angular.module('root-app', ['app1', 'app2']);

// app1
const app1 = angular.module('app1', []);
app1.controller('main', function($scope) {
  $scope.msg = 'App 1';
});

// app2
const app2 = angular.module('app2', []);
app2.controller('main', function($scope) {
  $scope.msg = 'App 2';
});

// bootstrap
angular.bootstrap(document.querySelector('#app1'), ['app1']);
angular.bootstrap(document.querySelector('#app2'), ['app2']);
<!-- [email protected] -->
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.7.0/angular.min.js"></script>

<!-- root-app -->
<div ng-app="root-app">

  <!-- app1 -->
  <div id="app1">
    <div ng-controller="main">
      {{msg}}
    </div>
  </div>

  <!-- app2 -->
  <div id="app2">
    <div ng-controller="main">
      {{msg}}
    </div>
  </div>

</div>

Method 13

<html>
<head>
    <script src="angular.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div ng-app="shoppingCartParentModule" >
     <div ng-controller="ShoppingCartController">
        <h1>Your order</h1>
        <div ng-repeat="item in items">
            <span>{{item.product_name}}</span>
            <span>{{item.price | currency}}</span>
            <button ng-click="remove($index);">Remove</button>
        </div>
    </div>

    <div ng-controller="NamesController">
        <h1>List of Names</h1>
        <div ng-repeat="name in names">
            <p>{{name.username}}</p>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
</body>
<script>
var shoppingCartModule = angular.module("shoppingCart", [])
            shoppingCartModule.controller("ShoppingCartController",
                function($scope) {
                    $scope.items = [
                        {product_name: "Product 1", price: 50},
                        {product_name: "Product 2", price: 20},
                        {product_name: "Product 3", price: 180}
                    ];
                    $scope.remove = function(index) {
                        $scope.items.splice(index, 1);
                    }
                }
            );
            var namesModule = angular.module("namesList", [])
            namesModule.controller("NamesController",
                function($scope) {
                    $scope.names = [
                        {username: "Nitin"},
                        {username: "Mukesh"}
                    ];
                }
            );
   angular.module("shoppingCartParentModule",["shoppingCart","namesList"])
</script>
</html>


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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