AngularJS. How to call controller function from outside of controller component

The question:

How I can call function defined under controller from any place of web page (outside of controller component)?

It works perfectly when I press “get” button. But I need to call it from outside of div controller. The logic is: by default my div is hidden. Somewhere in navigation menu I press a button and it should show() my div and execute “get” function. How I can achieve this?

My web page is:

<div ng-controller="MyController">
  <input type="text" ng-model="data.firstname" required>
  <input type='text' ng-model="data.lastname" required>

  <form ng-submit="update()"><input type="submit" value="update"></form>
  <form ng-submit="get()"><input type="submit" value="get"></form>
</div>

My js:

   function MyController($scope) {
      // default data and structure
      $scope.data = {
        "firstname" : "Nicolas",
        "lastname" : "Cage"
      };

      $scope.get = function() {
        $.ajax({
           url: "/php/get_data.php?",
           type: "POST",
           timeout: 10000, // 10 seconds for getting result, otherwise error.
           error:function() { alert("Temporary error. Please try again...");},
           complete: function(){ $.unblockUI();},
           beforeSend: function(){ $.blockUI()},
           success: function(data){
            json_answer = eval('(' + data + ')');
            if (json_answer){
                $scope.$apply(function () {
                  $scope.data = json_answer;
            });
            }
        }
    });
  };

  $scope.update = function() {
    $.ajax({
        url: "/php/update_data.php?",
        type: "POST",
        data: $scope.data,
        timeout: 10000, // 10 seconds for getting result, otherwise error.
        error:function() { alert("Temporary error. Please try again...");},
        complete: function(){ $.unblockUI();},
        beforeSend: function(){ $.blockUI()},
        success: function(data){ }
      });
    };
   }

The Solutions:

Below are the methods you can try. The first solution is probably the best. Try others if the first one doesn’t work. Senior developers aren’t just copying/pasting – they read the methods carefully & apply them wisely to each case.

Method 1

Here is a way to call controller’s function from outside of it:

angular.element(document.getElementById('yourControllerElementID')).scope().get();

where get() is a function from your controller.

You can switch

document.getElementById('yourControllerElementID')` 

to

$('#yourControllerElementID')

If you are using jQuery.

Also, if your function means changing anything on your View, you should call

angular.element(document.getElementById('yourControllerElementID')).scope().$apply();

to apply the changes.

One more thing, you should note is that scopes are initialized after the page is loaded, so calling methods from outside of scope should always be done after the page is loaded. Else you will not get to the scope at all.

UPDATE:

With the latest versions of angular, you should use

angular.element(document.getElementById('yourControllerElementID')).injector().‌​get('$rootScope')

And yes, this is, in fact, a bad practice, but sometimes you just need things done quick and dirty.

Method 2

I’ve found an example on the internet.

Some guy wrote this code and worked perfectly

HTML

<div ng-cloak ng-app="ManagerApp">
    <div id="MainWrap" class="container" ng-controller="ManagerCtrl">
       <span class="label label-info label-ext">Exposing Controller Function outside the module via onClick function call</span>
       <button onClick='ajaxResultPost("Update:Name:With:JOHN","accept",true);'>click me</button>
       <br/> <span class="label label-warning label-ext" ng-bind="customParams.data"></span>
       <br/> <span class="label label-warning label-ext" ng-bind="customParams.type"></span>
       <br/> <span class="label label-warning label-ext" ng-bind="customParams.res"></span>
       <br/>
       <input type="text" ng-model="sampletext" size="60">
       <br/>
    </div>
</div>

JAVASCRIPT

var angularApp = angular.module('ManagerApp', []);
angularApp.controller('ManagerCtrl', ['$scope', function ($scope) {

$scope.customParams = {};

$scope.updateCustomRequest = function (data, type, res) {
    $scope.customParams.data = data;
    $scope.customParams.type = type;
    $scope.customParams.res = res;
    $scope.sampletext = "input text: " + data;
};



}]);

function ajaxResultPost(data, type, res) {
    var scope = angular.element(document.getElementById("MainWrap")).scope();
    scope.$apply(function () {
    scope.updateCustomRequest(data, type, res);
    });
}

Demo

*I did some modifications, see original: font JSfiddle

Method 3

The solution
angular.element(document.getElementById('ID')).scope().get() stopped working for me in angular 1.5.2. Sombody mention in a comment that this doesn’t work in 1.4.9 also.
I fixed it by storing the scope in a global variable:

var scopeHolder;
angular.module('fooApp').controller('appCtrl', function ($scope) {
    $scope = function bar(){
        console.log("foo");        
    };
    scopeHolder = $scope;
})

call from custom code:

scopeHolder.bar()

if you wants to restrict the scope to only this method. To minimize the exposure of whole scope. use following technique.

var scopeHolder;
angular.module('fooApp').controller('appCtrl', function ($scope) {
    $scope.bar = function(){
        console.log("foo");        
    };
    scopeHolder = $scope.bar;
})

call from custom code:

scopeHolder()

Method 4

Dmitry’s answer works fine. I just made a simple example using the same technique.

jsfiddle: http://jsfiddle.net/o895a8n8/5/

<button onclick="call()">Call Controller's method from outside</button>
<div  id="container" ng-app="" ng-controller="testController">
</div>

.

function call() {
    var scope = angular.element(document.getElementById('container')).scope();
      scope.$apply(function(){
        scope.msg = scope.msg + ' I am the newly addded message from the outside of the controller.';
    })
    alert(scope.returnHello());
}

function testController($scope) {
    $scope.msg = "Hello from a controller method.";
    $scope.returnHello = function() {
        return $scope.msg ; 
    }
}

Method 5

I would rather include the factory as dependencies on the controllers than inject them with their own line of code: http://jsfiddle.net/XqDxG/550/

myModule.factory('mySharedService', function($rootScope) {
    return sharedService = {thing:"value"};
});

function ControllerZero($scope, mySharedService) {
    $scope.thing = mySharedService.thing;

ControllerZero.$inject = [‘$scope’, ‘mySharedService’];

Method 6

It may be worth considering if having your menu without any associated scope is the right way to go. Its not really the angular way.

But, if it is the way you need to go, then you can do it by adding the functions to $rootScope and then within those functions using $broadcast to send events. your controller then uses $on to listen for those events.

Another thing to consider if you do end up having your menu without a scope is that if you have multiple routes, then all of your controllers will have to have their own upate and get functions. (this is assuming you have multiple controllers)

Method 7

I use to work with $http, when a want to get some information from a resource I do the following:

angular.module('services.value', [])

.service('Value', function($http, $q) {

var URL = "http://localhost:8080/myWeb/rest/";

var valid = false;

return {
    isValid: valid,
    getIsValid: function(callback){
        return $http.get(URL + email+'/'+password, {cache: false})
                    .success(function(data){
            if(data === 'true'){ valid = true; }
        }).then(callback);
    }}
    });

And the code in the controller:

angular.module('controllers.value', ['services.value'])

.controller('ValueController', function($scope, Value) {
    $scope.obtainValue = function(){
        Value.getIsValid(function(){$scope.printValue();});
    }

    $scope.printValue = function(){
        console.log("Do it, and value is " Value.isValid);
    }
}

I send to the service what function have to call in the controller

Method 8

I have multiple routes and multiple controllers, so I could not get the accepted answer to work. I found that adding the function to the window works:

fooModule.controller("fooViewModel", function ($scope, fooService, $http, $q, $routeParams, $window, $location, viewModelHelper, $interval) {
    $scope.initFoo = function () {
        // do angular stuff
    }
    var initialize = function () {
        $scope.initFoo();
    }

    initialize();

    window.fooreinit = initialize;

}

Then outside the controller, this can be done:

function ElsewhereOnThePage() {
    if (typeof(fooreinit) == 'function') { fooreinit(); }
}

Method 9

Call Angular Scope function from outside the controller.

// Simply Use "Body" tag, Don't try/confuse using id/class.

var scope = angular.element('body').scope();             
scope.$apply(function () {scope.YourAngularJSFunction()});      

Method 10

I am an Ionic framework user and the one I found that would consistently provide the current controller’s $scope is:

angular.element(document.querySelector('ion-view[nav-view="active"]')).scope()

I suspect this can be modified to fit most scenarios regardless of framework (or not) by finding the query that will target the specific DOM element(s) that are available only during a given controller instance.


All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

Leave a Comment